link to: University of Minnesota

Leadership Education in Neurodevelopmental and Related Disabilities

How and Why
the U of M Developed a LEND?

Disability Demographics

It is estimated that 1 out of every 10 children and adolescents in the US has a NDD. In Minnesota, approximately 160,000 children younger than 18 years have special health care needs. More than 76% of those children require prescription medication, 18% are limited in their functional abilities, and instantiate physical, occupational, or speech therapy. During the past 20 years, this population has grown by 30%, largely as a result of improved diagnostic abilities and better survival rates for many illnesses. ASDs are the NDDs with the fastest growing increase in prevalence. In MN between the ages of 6 and 22 years there has been a 1609% increase in the prevalence of ASD since 1993 (www.ideadata.org and www.cdc.gov/nchs). In the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area 7.1% of children and youth in that age group have disabilities. Among children who have NDDs, access to adequate health care and educational services are major problems, beginning with early identification and diagnosis, access to community services, education, medical treatment and preparation for transition to adult life. ASDs are the neurodevelopmental disorders with the fastest increasing prevalence.

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